Peacekeeping mission can become one of effective mechanisms for Donbas reintegration
Interior Minister of Ukraine Arsen Avakov considers real the peaceful return of the occupied territories of Donbas with the use of tactics of "small steps", a peacekeeping mission can become one of the effective mechanisms.
"With the current development of events, we cannot plan a military operation to return the occupied territories without the risk of a full-scale clash with the Russian army. That's why President Poroshenko talks about the peacekeeping mission, the "blue helmets." This is one of the mechanisms that can be effective," Avakov said in an interview with the Ukrayinska Pravda media outlet, published on Monday.
At the same time, he said that it is unacceptable that the "patrols "of the blue helmets" go along Horlivka on a par with the patrols of the Russian puppet Zakharchenko."
Speaking about the kind of a peacekeeping mission, he said: "An ideal peacekeeping mission?" The peacekeepers come in, all the Russians leave, any military groups led by the puppet governments of Plotnitsky, Zakharchenko, or whoever is there, withdraw with the Russians."
According to him, after the peacekeepers enter the occupied territory, the bodies of Ukrainian justice should enter. "After the return of this territory to Ukraine, Ukrainian judicial authorities may enter and hold elections in line with our legislation," the minister said.
Avakov drew attention to the fact that his plan to return the occupied territories of the east of the country involves the "tactics of small steps welcomed by everyone."
"I do not think that all the territory of the occupied Donbas can be reintegrated at once." There are not enough "blue helmets" for the whole territory. So, I propose, let's say, to take under control Horlivka or Novoazovsky district first: the peacekeepers enter and stand on the border of the conditional town of Horlivka or the rural Novoazovsky district. The border with the occupied territory is immediately taken under control of both the "blue helmets" and the Ukrainian border guards. The Ukrainian judicial authorities enter this territory, which has been returned to Ukraine's control, and hold elections according to our law," he explained.
According to the minister, on the basis of bodies and representatives of the state authorities of Ukraine elected by Ukrainian law, it is necessary to form a transitional administration. "A central government along with the Ukrainian police forces should come there. Then Ukraine should pass an amnesty law. It must concern absolutely everyone except those who have blood on their hands, who killed our soldiers, participated in repressions against civilians," Avakov said.
In addition, he said, it will be necessary to adopt the law "on collaborators." "The essence is very simple: we need to determine what the degree of compromise is, whether the degree of cooperation with the occupation authorities was critical, or you had such circumstances that you do not deserve censure, and in some cases - in spite of actions - deserve public pardon?" the minister said.
Subsequently, he said, it will be necessary to resolve issues with the "transitional status" of territories with possible attraction of international funds, restore infrastructure and people's living standards.
Later, according to Avakov, a similar procedure is reduplicated in other areas of the occupied Donbas.
"If all this is implemented, then we will be able to gradually reach a point where Ukrainian border guards are deployed along the Ukraine-Russia border, ensuring full control. "Blue helmets," on whom Poroshenko is negotiating, will stand alongside," Avakov said.