Poroshenko proposes special order of government in certain districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions for three years - bill
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has proposed introducing for three years a special order of government in some districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions and holding early local elections in these regions on November 9, 2014.
According to the bill of the head of state, which was published by the Ukrainska Pravda online newspaper, "temporarily, for three years from the date of entry of this law into force, a special order of local government is introduced in some districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, which include the districts, towns and villages located as of the date of entry into force of this law within the area of the anti-terrorist operation."
The bill proposes that the state guarantees "the prevention of criminal prosecution, criminal, administrative prosecution and punishment of persons who participated in the events in Donetsk and Luhansk regions." In addition, "the discrimination, harassment and prosecution of persons in connection with the events that took place in Donetsk and Luhansk regions are banned."
The bill notes that the state guarantees the right to use Russian or any other language "in public and private life, learning and support for Russian and any other languages, their free development and equality."
Also, the draft law foresees the holding of local elections in the regions. The final positions propose scheduling early local elections for November 9, 2014.
"The powers of deputies of local councils and officials elected in early elections appointed by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine by this law cannot be terminated," reads the draft law.
It also introduces a special procedure for the appointment of heads of prosecuting agencies and courts, which involves the participation of local authorities in addressing these issues. The Cabinet of Ministers and other central executive bodies may sign agreements with the relevant local authorities regarding the economic, social and cultural development of individual regions.
In addition, the bill foresees the signing of an agreement on the economic, social and cultural development of the individual regions.
"State support lies in introducing a different economic regime of economic and investment activities aimed at the restoration of industrial facilities, transport and social infrastructure, housing, reorientation of industrial potential, the creation of new jobs, and the attraction of investment and loans for the reconstruction and development of facilities located in some areas," reads the draft.
The bill also proposes foreseeing every year in the law on Ukraine's state budget the expenses that will be spent on state support for socio-economic development of certain areas.
"Ukraine guarantees the definition of such expenditures of the general fund of the state budget with protected expenditures, the volume of which cannot be changed during the reduction of the approved budget allocations," reads the document.
The document also foresees the "strengthening and deepening of good-neighborly relations between territorial communities, local government agencies of certain districts with administrative-territorial units of the Russian Federation on the basis of agreements on border cooperation, which are drafted by territorial communities, local authorities, local executive authorities of Ukraine and the territorial communities within the competence established by law."
People's police units are created on the territory of the anti-terrorist operation by the decisions of city, town and village councils, and their activities are coordinated by the heads of cities, towns and villages.
"People's police units are formed on a voluntary basis from among Ukrainian citizens who are permanent residents in their respective localities," reads the bill.