13:47 27.02.2024

Thermal heads for heating - automation and savings on heating utility bills

4 min read


Thermal heads for radiators can be divided into two types - gas-condensate and liquid. They differ from each other in the filling of the bellows, the main element of the thermal head device, which provides proportional control.

Thermal heads with sensors come in two types - built-in and remotes. Built-in sensors are located directly in the thermal head. Remote sensors are connected to the main device using a thin metal tube. It should be noted that a thermal head with a built-in sensor has a rather complex installation principle and a lot of requirements that must be met.

Optimal thermal head settings for the radiator

The optimal settings for a radiator thermal head depend on many factors, including individual preferences, climate conditions, room insulation, etc. However, here are a few recommendations that can help in optimally setting the thermal head for a radiator:

  1. Initial setup:

    • Install the thermal head on the radiator following the manufacturer's instructions.
    • If the thermal head is equipped with a temperature regulator, set it to its original position (usually at the middle mark).
    • Turn on the heating system and give it time to warm up.
  2. Temperature adjustment:

    • If the room is too cold, increase the temperature on the thermal head.
    • If the room is too warm, reduce the temperature on the thermal head.
  3. Heating system balancing:

    • Different rooms may have different heating needs. If necessary, balance the heating system by adjusting the coolant flow in each heating circuit.
  4. Heat loss control:

    • Make sure windows and doors are well insulated to minimize heat loss.
    • Adjust the temperature according to the outside temperature. In the warm season, you can reduce the heating temperature.
  5. Experimentation:

    • The process of setting up the thermal head may require some time and patience. Experiment with the settings to find the best combination for your specific case.
  6. Regular control:

    • Periodically check the condition of the thermal head and its efficiency, especially before the start of the heating season.

Thermal heads for heated floors

The use of remote sensors is sometimes simply necessary when it comes to a water-based floor heating system. If a radiator thermostat does an excellent job of maintaining the temperature in the room, then in a heated floor system it is necessary to regulate the temperature of the heated surface, which is difficult to do using a simple thermostat. For underfloor heating systems, it is important to maintain 25-26 degrees; this is the optimal indicator for a comfortable stay in the room.

Thermal head for underfloor heating is a device used to regulate the temperature in underfloor heating systems. Its main task is to maintain the set temperature in the room by regulating the heat supply from the heated floor.

Specialists of the company https://fiting.kiev.ua/uk/ report that the principle The operation of a thermal head for underfloor heating is usually based on the use of a thermoelement. Inside the thermal head there is a sensitive element that responds to changes in ambient temperature. When the room temperature rises above a set level, the thermocouple causes the valve or other control mechanism to change position.

A valve or control mechanism controls the flow of coolant (usually hot water) through the underfloor heating pipes. When

the temperature rises, the thermal head reduces or closes the coolant flow to prevent overheating in the room. If the temperature drops, the thermal head opens the valve to increase the coolant flow and maintain a comfortable temperature.

Thus, the thermal head for underfloor heating serves to automatically regulate the thermal conditions in the room, ensuring an optimal level of comfort and efficient use of energy.

Comparative table of the main characteristics of thermal heads for heated floors:

Characteristics Electromechanical thermal head Electronic thermal head Thermostatic thermal head
Operation principle Adjusting a mechanical valve using an electric drive Electronic control unit that regulates the supply of coolant Temperature adjustment based on expansion and contraction of the wax element
Precision temperature control Medium High High
Programmability No Yes No
Energy efficiency Usually good High Good
Dependency on external power supplies No Yes (usually batteries) No
Cost Usually more affordable Usually more expensive Medium
Additional functions Limited customization options Programmable modes, ability to integrate with smart home systems Simplicity and reliability in operation
Notes Usually used in standard underfloor heating systems Used in more complex systems where precise control is required Widely used in standard underfloor heating systems