Referendum, citizens' complaints could be effective legal instruments to overcome current situation - lawyers
Kyiv, December 3 (Interfax-Ukraine) – The Ukrainian legislation provides enough legal instruments to overcome the current political crisis in the country, but not all of them would allow the desired results to be achieved quickly.
Representatives of the legal community expressed such an opinion at a press conference at Interfax-Ukraine, commenting on the possible mechanisms of overcoming the current situation in Ukraine.
"Today, there is a clear list of legal methods. We lawyers are ready to help and protect the interests of citizens through legal methods," lawyer Oleksiy Shevchuk said.
According to him, the introduction of a state of emergency or the impeachment of the president would not resolve the situation and ease the crisis, in particular due to the complexity of these procedures and the need for support from the side of the parliament.
"A state of emergency is a very serious legal instrument, which cannot be introduced by one person or imperatively. To do this, today we need the decisions of both the president and the Verkhovna Rada. This mechanism is rather complicated, and the legal community sees no legal reasons. Today it will only worsen the circumstances in which we've found ourselves," said the expert.
Commenting on the possibility of applying the mechanism of impeachment, the lawyer said that "impeachment is a legal procedure that is strictly regulated by the legislation."
"To impeach we need to involve many mechanisms, including enlisting the support of the Verkhovna Rada," he said.
Lawyer Oleksandra Pavlenko, commenting on the possibility of introducing the state of emergency in the country, in turn, noted that it involves a series of mandatory restrictions, in particular, the restriction of entry/exit from the country, checking documents, the ability to expropriate property of the population, as well as a moratorium on the dissolution of government agencies.
"A state of emergency would make the dissolution of the cabinet and the resignation of the president impossible," she said.
At the same time, according to Shevchuk, one of the most effective levers that can recommend by the legal community is a referendum.
"We have the right to a referendum," he said.
In addition, the lawyer advised citizens and lawyers to use "the bureaucratic machine of complaints, petitions and appeals to offset a legal collapse."